Drug

INLYTA®

axitinib

Inlyta Overview

This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Inlyta. It explains how the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) assessed the medicine to reach its opinion in favour of granting a marketing authorisation and its recommendations on the conditions of use for Inlyta.

Treatment with Inlyta should be started by doctors who have experience in using cancer medicines.

The recommended starting dose is 5 mg twice a day, taken approximately 12 hours apart. The dose can be adjusted according to the patient’s response. In patients who tolerate the 5 mg dose well, who do not have high blood pressure and are not taking blood pressure medicines, the dose may be increased first to 7 mg then to a maximum of 10 mg twice a day. It may be necessary to reduce the dose or interrupt treatment to manage certain side effects. In patients taking certain other medicines, the doctor may need to adjust the dose of Inlyta.

Patients with moderately reduced liver function should receive a starting dose of 2 mg twice a day. Inlyta should not be used in patients with severely reduced liver function.

The active substance in Inlyta, axitinib, works by blocking some enzymes known as tyrosine kinases that are found in ‘vascular endothelial growth factor’ (VEGF) receptors on the surface of cancer cells. VEGF receptors are involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells and in the development of blood vessels that supply the tumours. By blocking these receptors, Inlyta helps to reduce the growth and spread of the cancer and cut off the blood supply that keeps the cancer cells growing.

Inlyta was more effective than sorafenib in treating advanced renal cell carcinoma. Patients taking Inlyta lived for an average of 6.7 months without the disease getting worse, compared with 4.7 months in the patients taking sorafenib. Effects were better for those patients who were previously treated with cytokines rather than sunitinib.

The CHMP concluded that the effectiveness of Inlyta in treating patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma for whom treatment with Sutent or a cytokine failed has been demonstrated. Regarding its safety, the side effects of the medicine are similar to other medicines in the same class and are considered to be acceptable and manageable. The CHMP therefore decided that Inlyta’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be given marketing authorisation.

risk management plan has been developed to ensure that Inlyta is used as safely as possible. Based on this plan, safety information has been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet for Inlyta, including the appropriate precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients.

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Inlyta on 3 September 2012.

For more information about treatment with Inlyta, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

What are the risks associated with Inlyta?

The most common side effects with Inlyta (seen in more than 20% of patients) are diarrhoea, hypertension (high blood pressure), fatigue (tiredness), dysphonia (speech disturbance), nausea (feeling sick), vomiting, decreased appetite, weight loss, palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia syndrome (rash and numbness on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet), haemorrhage (bleeding), hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), protein in urine, cough and constipation.

Owner of copyright and other intellectual property rights to European Medicines Agency

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