Bruising also called ecchymosis is mostly caused when capillary damage occurs due to trauma. This localized bleeding will spread to surrounding tissues resulting in skin discoloration. In most cases, bruises[contusions] appear red in color as these are not too deep beneath the skin. A bruise is also described as hematoma of tissue. Most of them are harmless but frequent easy bruising can be signs of any serious health issue.

The bruises are more visible in people having fair skin but occasional bruising can be a serious medical condition. Common cause includes drinking alcohol causing one to bump into things. Sometimes lack of vitamin K or C causes bruising. Serious medical conditions causing bruises are cancer, bleeding disorders like hemophilia or von Willebrand disease.

In most cases, the bruises get healed on its own. Some injuries result in blood clotting and this creates bruising. A proper healing procedure can reduce its effect within two weeks, with a slight change in color. If the bruises don’t disappear for more than a week and if it is frequently occurring consult a doctor.

Bruises can be the cause of inflammation and thus it can hurt. Bruises are associated with skin injury and in most cases, swelling and redness are accompanied. Injury causes capillaries to burst and thus pain. Certain bruises have only mild pain. Bone bruises or bruises due to bone fracture can hurt bad.

Blood clotting under the skin is responsible for bruising and cancer affecting the blood and bone marrow is leukemia. Leukemia causes bruising as in cancer patients platelet count will be very low. The platelets are responsible for clotting and the lack of which result in poor clotting. Bruising is thus an early symptom of cancer, leukemia.

The color of bruises change to dark purple after a day of the injury and can last to 5 days. The color change is due to low oxygen supply at the bruising site because of swelling. This results in the change of the color of hemoglobin[red] to purple or blue. Frequent and prolonged bruising is a cause of any serious medical condition.

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