Swallowing difficulty is medically known as Dysphagia. Some people will have problems such as swallowing some specified foods or liquids, some people feel hard to swallow but some people cannot swallow at all. Normally it takes more time and more effort to move the food through the throat and with pain. Also, dysphagia signs include coughing or choking while drinking or eating food and food backup usually through the nose. Esophageal dysphagia is also a kind of dysphagia which develops from the cardia of the stomach.

Treatments of difficulty swallowing include Learning exercises for swallowing muscles, Learning easy swallowing techniques, Botox, Sterentbplacement, Peroral endoscopic myotomy, Laparoscopic heller myotomy, Esophageal dilation and also




Inserting a feeding tube

Taking a special liquid diet

Having easy swallowing dietary changes

Signs and symptoms of dysphagia:

Every person has a kind of different symptoms and most common symptoms are

Experiencing pain while swallowing

Wet or gurgly sounding voice during or after eating food

Food or liquid leaking from the mouth

Weight loss or dehydration

Always having a feel like food stuck in the throat

Congestion after eating

Poor oral management


Bringing food back up


Dysphagia can be diagnosed by the swallowing test.

Reports from Alagiakrishnan, Bhanji, and Kurian result that the prevalence of dysphagia is 13% to 57% and according to Kalf, De swart, Bloem. and Munneke reported that it ranges from 35% to 82% for individuals with Parkinson’s disease.

Dysphagia causes are by the other complications that affect the body like affecting the nervous system, Stroke, Head Injury, Dementia, Cancer like mouth cancer, Gastroesophageal reflex, Problem with the throat.

Diagnosis of dysphagia:

The diagnosis of dysphagia are in different methods like Dysphagia swallow study, X-ray with contrast material, Dynamic swallowing study, Barium swallow test, Fiber optic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, Imaging scans, Esophageal muscle test.

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