Symptoms

Epistaxis

Overview

Epistaxis is the medical term of nose bleeding. It mostly occurs when the lining of blood vessels in the nose starts to bleed. It is often seen as acute hemorrhage from the nasal cavity or nostrils. Epistaxis creates anxiety in patients as sometimes it can be due to tumors, trauma, etc. Nasal lining injury, sinus infections, Nasal cancer, etc can be the causes. If one finds difficulty in stopping nose bleed then it is advised to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

The causes of nose bleeding or epistaxis can be prolonged dry air inhalation, sinus infection, facial trauma, etc. Sometimes nose injury due to picking can cause bleeding. Local irritation or upper respiratory infection in children cause epistaxis. Excessive use of drugs, alcohol intake is also the reason for nose bleeding.

Bleeding of the nose or nasal bleeding is known as epistaxis that involves the draining of blood through nostrils. About 10 percentage of nose bleeding occurring is serious. In acute cases, it occurs due to injury of nose lining. Nasal cancer or leukemia has its early signs as nose bleeding. Certain medications can also cause nose bleeding.

Nose bleeding is associated with nose-picking or injury. The frequent nasal bleeding and bruising can be seen as the early signs of a cancer called leukemia. The serious cause of nose bleed can be a cancerous or non-cancerous nasal tumor, blood clotting or blood vessel disorder.

The nasal bleeding or epistaxis complications include aspiration, external deformity, vasovagal episode, sinusitis, etc. Other complications like septal hematoma/perforation, mucosal pressure necrosis, balloon migration etc.

The common epistaxis treatment is anterior packing with cauterization. Patients who are having severe nasal bleeding can be treated with arterial ligation, embolization, and posterior packing. Pharmacotherapy plays only a supportive role in nose bleeding treatment. An otolaryngologist can treat patients whose anterior nasal bleeding still continues even after balloon procedures or packing.

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